World Travel Guides

Mexico - Introduction

Introduction to Mexico

A local at home, wearing a beautiful embroidered top

Mexico is a traveller's paradise, crammed with a multitude of opposing identities: desert landscapes, snow-capped volcanoes, ancient ruins, teeming industrialised cities, time-warped colonial towns, glitzy resorts, lonely beaches and a world-beating collection of flora and fauna.

Full country name: Estados Unidos Méxicanos
Area: 1.95 million sq km
Population: 100.35 million
Capital City: Mexico City (22 million people)
People: Approximately 60% mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian descent) and 30% Amerindian (indígena - including Nahua, Maya, Zapotecs, Mixtecs, Totonacs, and Tarascos or Purépecha)
Language: Spanish; Castilian
Religion: 90% Roman Catholic, 6% Protestant
Government: federal republic
Head of State: President Vincente Fox Quesada
GDP: US$915 billion
GDP per capita: US$9,100
Annual Growth: 7%
Inflation: 9%
Major Industries: Food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism.
Major Trading Partners: USA, Canada, Japan, Germany

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